What does a motherboard do in a computer

If you are considering building your PC (Personal computer) or planning to buy a new one, then there are some parameters that you need to consider. There are many components in the computer that you can buy according to your preferences and requirements, such as RAM (random-access memory), processor, graphics card, and motherboard. Each component has its function, and it is important to know about them. 

For example, if you want to play in ultra-high settings, you will need a powerful graphics card, and if you want to play online games, then high RAM provides an extra edge. Similarly, the motherboard holds an important position in the computer.

If you are eager to learn, what does a motherboard do in a computer? Then you have come to the right place because we will discuss all the motherboard functions and components in detail. So let’s get started.

More On Motherboard

What is a motherboard?

You can say that the motherboard is the central component of the computer that provides connectivity to all the components, including the processor, RAM, graphics card, and other components.

The purpose of cleaning a motherboard is to direct the flow of data to its destination and perform vital operations in the computer system. The motherboard has multiple components, each of which has its distinct function. 

The motherboard is the largest card within the laptop, and it’s the one to which all different cards and the mainframe are connected. Each laptop and desktops contain motherboards.

However, those in laptops are rather more troublesome to repair since the parts are all packed in tightly. A chipset manages communications among systems. The motherboard additionally distributes power to the systems with low power requirements.

What Does a Motherboard Do?

What Does a Motherboard Do?

You can say that the motherboard is the computer’s brain because it controls all the components and assigns the work to them according to the data and information coming.

There are many critical components of the motherboard, but the most important is the processor socket that holds the mechanical brain of the computer. The motherboard connects with rgb fans and is responsible for distributing the power supply to all the components and managing the flow of information and signal.

 If you want to know what 3 things does a motherboard do? Then the easy answer is that it manages, stores, and provides data for all the components of a computer.

It also has its memory and contains vital information about the working of computers and all other information that comes in handy when the computer operating system is not responding. These are the main components of a motherboard.

Compatibility of Motherboard – What does a motherboard do in a computer

Compatibility of Motherboard - What does a motherboard do in a computer

Motherboards support different CPUs, memory, disk drives, video cards, and peripherals. If you’re attempting to interchange a motherboard, confirm that every one of the parts is compatible with the slot and ports offered on the motherboard.

For example, the motherboard’s mainframe socket can vary depending on whether it supports Intel or AMD. Additionally, it varies among CPUs by a similar maker. Disk drives also have different connectors and standards. Most typically, a motherboard will support IDE, SATA (Serial Advanced Technology Attachment), or each.

The slots for cards can vary, with later versions of PCI categorical being the quickest. To determine what motherboards work best with what hardware and what motherboards to avoid, browse discussions and reviews on the web.

Types of Motherboard

Parts of motherboards have different shapes and sizes; therefore, the technical term for the motherboard’s sizes and shapes is required. The foremost common motherboard in PCs nowadays is ATX which stands for Advanced Technology Extended.

ATX motherboards came into the technological world in 1995, and it’s the presently used type. Think about PCs having sizes 12 x 9.6-inches. Before the ATX was the AT (Advanced Technology) type, employed in the Eighties and developed by IBM. However, developers stopped developing AT motherboards.

Another version of the ATX motherboard is the small ATX of size 9.6 x 9.6-inches. It’s smaller than ATX and has a square-shaped motherboard, unlike ATX motherboards, which are rectangular shapes. Micro ATX boards are cheaper and designed to suit PCs with little space.

As they’re smaller, they conjointly consume less power and have fewer options. Alternative varieties are mini ATX and ATX (Advanced Technology EXtended motherboard).

Motherboard Elements – What does a motherboard do in a computer

Everything behind the pc case is connected to the motherboard, so all the items will communicate with one another. This includes 

  • CPU Socket
  • Memory Slot
  • Expansion Slots
  • SATA Connectors
  • Platform Controller Hub
  • I/O Interface
  • Video Adapters
  • Sound Cards
  • Network Interface Card

How to Remove a Motherboard 

Remove a Motherboard

Once you’ve designated a motherboard and have it in hand, it’s time to put in it. However, before we tend to get into that, let’s run through removing your recent motherboard. Start by powering down and disconnecting any cords or cables hooked up to your computer.

Then open up the aspect of your computer’s case so you’ll access the motherboard. A wise trick is to require an image here. Thus, you have a record of everything that must be obstructed before you begin disconnecting them.

The large things like graphics cards and Wi-Fi cards will start up your motherboard initial. Then look for SATA or alternative interface cables that connect your SSD, hard drive, or optical media drive to your motherboard.

Finally, it’s time to disconnect all of the facility cabling obstructed into your motherboard. On most motherboards, there’ll be a smaller 8-pin central processor power connecter close to the highest of the motherboard and a far larger 24-pin ATX power connecter close to the center of the left aspect of the motherboard. You wish to detach each of those connectors. 


If you are looking to buy a motherboard, then it is very important to know about the working of the motherboard and what its features are. Motherboards have different components, and they are designed for different purposes.

If you are willing to buy a motherboard for gaming, then it is important to consider the form factor, processor socket, RAM (Random access Memory), PCI slots, Ports, and many other things. 

Most laptop builders agree that all different things being equal, a motherboard has a marginal effect on performance solely.

However, upgrading a motherboard to support a quicker mainframe, additional memory, or quicker video card or disk interfaces will greatly improve performance, provided that you replace one or additional of these things still.


What does a motherboard do?

A motherboard has many functions and is responsible for directing the flow of information around the computer. The motherboard is the central component that controls all the other components.

How to choose a motherboard for gaming?

Considering a motherboard, it is very important to consider the form factor, processor socket, RAM (Random Access Memory), PCI slots, ports, and many other things.

How does a motherboard work?

The motherboard is a central component that is responsible for providing connectivity to all the other components, and it is responsible for directing the flow of information and data.

What does a motherboard look like?

A motherboard looks like a circuit board, the biggest circuit board in the computer. It is usually on the back side of the computer. The motherboard has ports and RAM slots and is very easy to spot.

How to pronounce motherboard?

The word motherboard is the combination of two words: mother and board. It is pronounced simply as the combination of two words.

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Usman Haider
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